Your Loan Estimate tells you important details about a mortgage loan you have requested. Use this tool to review your Loan Estimate to make sure it reflects what you discussed with your loan officer. If something looks different from what you expected, ask why.
Your payoff amount may not be the same as your current balance. Remember that interest in your monthly mortgage payment is paid in arrears. For example, when you make your payment on October 1st, you’re paying the interest that had accrued in the month of September. That means when you apply to refinance on October 1st, your payoff statement will include the unpaid interest for October. Some loan programs such as FHA require an escrow account, while in some other cases when you have 20% equity in a home (your loan is less than 80% of the home value) you may have the option to waive an escrow and pay for things like taxes and homeowners insurance separately. An additional 7 days worth of daily interest is usually included as a buffer and will be returned after the loan has been paid off. Additionally, any other fees that you have incurred but have not paid will be included in the payoff amount.
An escrow account is commonly established when purchasing or refinancing a home. The funds from the account go toward your property taxes, homeowner’s insurance and flood insurance or MI (if applicable). Having an escrow account allows to make just one monthly payment and not worry about paying for things like taxes and insurance out of pocket. When you refinance, a new escrow account will be established with your new loan. Your previous escrow account will close out after your new loan is funded, and any remaining balance that you’ve paid into the account will be sent to you (typically 2-3 weeks after closing).
Closing costs are all fees or charges that are related to originating and closing a mortgage loan. Items such as lender fees, attorney fees, and title fees are considered closing costs. Prepaids are not fees or closing costs. The borrower’s own funds are put into an escrow account and used to pay certain items in advance of when they are due. For example, prepaids can include mortgage insurance and property taxes that are paid prior to closing. They also cover the interest you owe on the loan through the end of the month in which you close.
When you receive your LE (Loan Estimate), keep in mind that the numbers will be estimates and not exact quotes for your final loan payments. If you find any errors on your documents, or any of your personal information is incorrect, please move forward with signing the LE documents and inform your loan officer of the inaccuracies so they can be adjusted for your Closing Disclosure.
An interest rate on a loan only reflects the amount of interest you will be charged as a percentage of your loan amount. APR is a broader measure of the annual cost of the loan to a borrower expressed as a percentage. For example, the APR includes the interest rate as well as most closing costs, discount points, and other fees. While the Federal Reserve is responsible for setting interest rates, the APR is determined by the lender. Your interest rate is calculated based on a number of factors including your credit score, down payment amount, and loan term. The Truth in Lending Act (TILA), requires that both your interest rate and APR be disclosed to you.